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How To Mount Solar Panels On A Camper Van Roof (or RV)

Want to mount solar panels on your RV? Our post below provides step-by-step instructions how to create a super strong, leak-free bond between your RV roof and solar panels.

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Installing-Solar-Panels-On-A-Camper-Van

Mounting solar panels on a camper van roof can feel like the most daunting process of a van conversion build. Mostly because it involves drilling through the van’s roof.

But if you follow this step-by-step guide, and are careful, we’re confident you can install your panels without incident. To this day, our solar panels remain firmly bonded to our camper van’s roof and have been leak free since the beginning.

So if you’re ready, let’s get started!

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    Not what you need? Check out our van life “Solar System” category page for more similar content.

    Required Materials

    Tools & Materials List

    Product

    Purpose

    Buy

    Materials

    Solar Panels

    Duh...

    Z-Bracket Mounts

    Connects panels to roof

    Butyl Tape

    Forms water-tight seal

    VHB Tape

    Forms super strong bond

    Lap Sealant

    Creates final, water-tight seal.

    Tools

    Power Drill

    Drills screws into RV roof.

    Caulking Gun

    Applies water proof sealant.

    DIY a solar system within your budget with our FREE custom solar diagrams eBook. 

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    Step 1:

    Attach Z-Brackets To Solar Panels

    Assuming you’ve already checked that your panels aren’t defective, you’re ready to begin.

    Attaching Z-mounting bracket to rigid solar panel frame
    Z-Bracket attached to solar panel frame

    As they come, solar panels cannot be mounted onto a camper van’s roof. So to do this, you must purchase one set of mounting brackets (Z-brackets) for every panel you have. Each set of Z-bracket mounts comes with the bolts & nuts needed to attach to a rigid solar panel’s aluminum frame.

    Z-Bracket Mounts

    Stagger Your Z-Brackets: If you plan to install multiple solar panels side-by-side, stagger the placement of your Z-brackets so that the mounts don't butt up against each other when on the roof. (Refer to picture in Step 3)

    Step 2:

    Adhere VHB & Butyl Tape To Z-Bracket Feet

    If you simply screw the solar mounts directly onto the van’s roof, the chance of having leaks is high. This method also creates low pull-out resistance and the panels could easily fly away when driving at high speeds.

    You can eliminate both these problems by applying a combination of VHB and Butyl tape to the underside of the z-bracket feet. Refer to diagram below. This is the side that will be placed directly onto the van’s roof.

    Applying butyl and VHB tape to feet of z-bracket mount
    Applying Butyl and VHB tape to feet of z-bracket mount

    This way, the butyl tape will act as a waterproof seal around the screw holes and the VHB tape in the middle will provide additional adherence between the solar panels and the roof.

    Installation Tip: Do a practice run and place the solar panels on your camper van's roof without the VHB and butyl tape. This way, you can move the panels around and plan exactly where you want your solar panels to sit before adding the tape.

    Step 3:

    Mount Solar Panels On The Roof

    Installing Solar Panels On Our Camper Van
    Taking A Break Just Before Screwing The Solar Panels Onto The Camper Roof

    Because both the VHB and Butyl Tape are on the Z-brackets, you’ll want to place the solar panels in the exact spot you want them located. Once you place the panels down on the roof, it will be difficult and messy to re-locate them again.

    Installation Tip: Ensure the red & black solar wires (attached to panels) are brought out from under the panels. You don't want any wires trapped under the panels after the VHB tape bonds the panels to the roof.

    Step 4:

    Screw Solar Panels To Roof

    How-To-Install-Solar-Panels-On-A-Camper-Van-Roof
    Installing Two Solar Panels On Our Camper

    The Z-bracket mounts come supplied with screws.

    When you drill the screws through the roof, you’ll notice that the Butyl tape compresses and begins to get squeezed out the sides of the Z-bracket feet. This is a good sign and tells you that a water-tight seal is being formed around the screw hole.

    Step 5:

    Cover Z-Brackets With Lap Sealant

    Once the panels are screwed down, extrud Dicor Lap Sealant over each z-bracket foot, with a caulking gun, for an additional layer of water-proof protection.

    We really like this particular waterproof sealant because it’s quite viscous and flows well, which makes it easy to apply onto surfaces and easily smothers all the gaps and crevices to create a tight, leak-free seal.

    Dicor Lap Sealant

    Step 6:

    Let Everything Dry & Cure

    As a last step, we covered our roof with a tarp for 48 hours to allow the VHB tape, Butyl Tape, and the Lap Sealant to fully cure.

    Congratulations! You’re finished securing solar panels to your RVs roof.

    How To Wire Your Solar Panel System

    Now that your solar panels are mounted on your van’s roof, you might be ready to wire your solar system to your batteries.

    Check out our resources below that will help get you going:

    Mounting Solar Panels (VIDEO)

    A Similar Process To Ours

    Vanessa and Adam’s YouTube channel is one of our favorite places for camper build information. The quality of their build videos are some of the best we’ve seen.

    Their solar panel mounting process differs slightly from ours, but the idea is the same. It’s worth a watch.

    Video of the mounting process starts at 9:45.

    Mounting Flexible Solar Panels On An RV Roof

    We don’t have flexible panels on our roof, but if we did, we would use the below video as our guide.

    Flexible solar panels often suffer damage from excess heat because these panels cannot easily dissipate the heat beneath them, unlike rigid panels. But ‘RV With Tito’ seems to have found a solution to this problem while simultaneously not drilling ANY holes on his RV roof. Enjoy!

    Interested In The MOST Efficient (9BB) Solar Panels?

    “9BB” solar panels are becoming the next big thing in the solar panel industry. Read our 9BB solar panel post to learn why these panels are more efficient AND have a longer usable life than traditional solar panels.

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    Final Thoughts: Mounting Solar Panels Isn't So Bad!

    We hope you’ve found this guide to mount solar panels to your RV roof useful.

    After you’ve successfully attached your solar panels, you’re ready to wire them to your batteries so that you can begin the solar charging process. Check out our other articles below for more van life solar resources.

    Was This Solar Article Helpful? We have other posts dedicated to help you install a camper van solar system. Check out our guide for more great RV solar content!

    More Reading:

    Appendix: Test Solar Panels For Functionality

    Realizing you have a defective solar panel AFTER mounting it on your RV roof is big headache. So make sure your solar panels function properly once you get them out of their shipping box.

    Testing the functionality of your solar panels is quick and easy to do. It’s best to use a digital multimeter.

    Digital Multimeter

    Steps To Test Your Panels Before Mounting

    Place solar panels under direct sunlight to begin electricity production.

    Locate your panel’s ‘Pmax voltage’.

    • You can find this on the instruction manual or even the product page on Amazon.
    • Your panels should get a reading close to it’s Pmax under ideal situations (clear sunny day & pointed directly at the sun).

    Set your multimeter to read the appropriate voltage range.

    • Note: In most cases it should be set to 200 volts.

    Attach the ends of the supplied red and black wires to the multimeter device and the other ends (the probes) to the solar panel’s wires.

    • Note: Each panel will come with MC4 connectors attached to their supplied wires. So you’ll likely you’ll have to search for the metal conductors inside the MC4 connectors to touch the probes to.

    Compare the panel’s voltage reading to the panel’s theoretical voltage Pmax.

    The goal should not be to 100% match the Pmax voltage, but to get close. Real world data never quite matches data from a lab.

    For more, HandToolsForFun has a good post on using a multimeter to test your panels.

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